Social and Personality Psychology
Representatives of humanistic discipline in psychology studies recently presented new and probably more acceptable explanation of man and his behavior, especially in the field of personality.
This is introduced to students who learn psychology in a way that human behavior is not lead by instincts, nor is the human being reactive in the sense that its reaction can be programmed with external stimuli from the environment.
In addition students taking online Psychology classes will also learn that the man possesses specific characteristics of which most important is self-actualization, where social environment has an important role, in a way that creates conditions that allow undisturbed development and actualization of each individual.
Psychology students are introduced to the humanistic conception of man where he is idealized and perfect. This particular conception is exposed to criticism because many claims are not scientifically confirmed, however social systems that alienate man in his human manifestation are also imperfect. From this perception follows that the man, according to his wish and will, his ideas and ideals can build social systems that will enable him better development.
- The theory of personality pushed Psychology back to research the study of conscious mental life.
- These studies disprove the classic concept of human behavior that is caused by stimuli from surroundings.
- According to Psychologists, personality traits are primarily responsible for the consistency of behavior.
- Despite its contributions, this theory pays little attention to social factors in the interpretation of personality development.
- As a consequence, this is neglecting common characteristics in personality and overemphasizing the specific needs of each person.
Various schools of psychology object to the theory that the importance of classical and instrumental learning in the process of socialization is overemphasized, however, activity and active relation of the man to himself and the environment he lives and works are neglected. Another important question relates to whether the dimensions and personality traits truly and fully consistently manifest in behavior of personality.
Human behavior is complex activity that are dependent on many factors of subjective and objective nature, and the man is presented as a unique bio-psycho-social being.
All attempts to explain human behavior only with the help of personality traits, or just with situational factors, were unsuccessful because the problem was set up incorrectly. The sole reason of a certain behavior is not in the personality, nor in the situational factors taken individually, but in their relation to each other, whereby the activities of the individual give a new quality to that joint action.