The aim of the course is to acquaint students with the types and theories of learning, and the more complex cognitive processes. After passing this particular course in psychology students will be familiar with various
forms of learning and will be able to recognize their utilization in everyday situations. They will be able to explain the important modes of thinking and to understand the processes underlying the different ways of reasoning and decision-making, and will understand the significance of the study of higher cognitive processes for defining and exploring areas of intelligence.
The curriculum of this Psychology major involves the following:
- Approaches to learning and types of learning
- Behaviorism: classical and instrumental conditioning
- Learned helplessness. Cognitive learning theory
- Social learning theory
- Recent studies of learning (implicit and explicit learning)
- Cognitivism versus associationism in theories of learning
- Generality learning theory
- Taxonomy level of thinking
- Thinking and problem solving
- Judgment and decision making
- Approaches to the study of cognitive abilities
- Definition of intelligence
- Early studies of intelligence
- Mental age and intelligence quotient, and
After completing the course and passing the exam, students will know the traditional and modern principles, concepts, theories and research methods, the human physical, cognitive, emotional and social development, which will be compared according to different criteria and critically evaluated. They will understand the factors and processes that cause developmental changes and are in their background. Students will know the difficulties faced by researchers of developmental stages and their ability to remove them. Furthermore students will develop sensitivity to ethical dilemmas in development researches, especially in sensitive developmental periods. This Psychology online course will provide insight into the interweaving of theory, research and effective resolution of practical issues related to the field of developmental psychology, and will enable students to demonstrate competent implementation of acquired knowledge and skills gained during studying psychology to socially relevant issues in the care of people from different ages.
Students that are attending this Psychology major will gain education about the following Psychology subjects.
- Objectives and problems of developmental psychology
- Basic concepts of developmental psychology
- History and philosophical roots of developmental psychology
- Periodization of development and fundamental principles of development
- Biological and environmental factors in the development and the mechanisms of their interactions
- Research Methodology development (longitudinal, transverse and sequential research designs)
- Ethical principles of research in developmental psychology
- Developmental theories
- Ethological approaches to development, and
- Comparison of developmental theory.
The study of psychology involves understanding the biological basis of motivation, biological rhythms, sleep and wakefulness, attention, learning and memory, speech, and disturbances of these processes.
This course provides students with knowledge about the biological basis of the phylogenetic and ontogenetic development of various forms of experience while offering students to study the human behavior, with which students will later be seen in other psychology degree courses.
Within each lesson seminars follow the lectures, in that way students experience different methods and forms of work, developing and deepening contents adopted at the lecture and contents that are processed independently, using the most current research in the areas treated.
Participants that are involved in learning psychology online will gain knowledge on the following subjects:
- Biological psychology as part of neuroscience
- The subject of biopsychology
- The basic division of the nervous system
- Methods of investigating the structure and function of the nervous system
- Nerve cells: structure, function, classification
- Synapse: the concept and structure of the synapse, the types of synapses, the chemical transmission of nerve impulses
- Neurotransmitters: classification, principles of action
Phylogenetic and ontogenetic development of the nervous system
- The structures of the central nervous system, and
- The spinal cord – accommodation, substance, spinal nerves, dermatomes.
Statistics in Psychology
The understanding of basic statistical concepts and their theoretical foundations are important in handling the psychological measurement. Students that are studying psychology will acquire the skills to apply statistical procedures in preparing and processing data for their psychological interpretation.
The course covers the basic use of statistics in the field of scientific research, ranging from descriptive statistics to the initial basis for statistical hypothesis testing in the inferential statistics. This includes the determination of the role and importance of statistics in scientific research and in the practical work of psychologists. This implies the adoption of theoretical concepts associated with statistical approach to the analysis of the results, and connection to particular statistical problems that may arise in the practical work of psychologists. Emphasis is placed on the possibility of using statistical methods in general but in specific situations. Certain themes are covered, from the theoretical point of view in the lectures, while in the practical exercises these theoretical concepts are associated with real examples of practical use of statistical methods of deduction.