If you decide to study psychology here are a few things you need to know.
Psychology deals with studying of the mental processes and human behavior. Psychology studies originate from biology and philosophy, and are closely related to other disciplines, including sociology, medicine, linguistics and anthropology. Psychology students will learn how to use many techniques while studying the human behavior, such as experiments and surveys, questionnaires and observation.
Psychology has several perspectives:
There are different ways to approach the objects of study in psychology. For example, the violence can be seen as a consequence of the culture of community, family and social influences, or can be interpreted as a consequence of biological effects. Major perspectives in psychology are:
- Biological perspectives
- Cognitive perspective
- Behavioral perspective
- Evolutionary perspective
- Humanistic perspective
At the beginning of the study the basic details of important areas are learned, while in further education students can choose a specific area as a major in psychology. Some of the most important areas of psychology are clinical psychology, personality psychology, cognitive psychology, development psychology, and social psychology.
Future psychology students should bear in mind that psychology is not just a therapy. Psychologists are often imagined to be doctors who are making notes in their notebooks while the patients talk about their childhood. While therapy is an important branch of psychology, many psychologists do not work in the field of mental health. A psychologist can teach, research or work as a consultant. Some of the work places are universities and schools, private companies, hospitals and government services.
Judging by this psychology is all around us. Psychology is not found just in classrooms, laboratories and hospitals. Advertisements on television and advertising posters rely on psychological research and some websites rely on using psychology to better understand how people read, interpret and use the information they find on the Internet.
From this it is evident that psychology explores the real world around us, but also deals with theoretical problems. Some students in the first year of study often think that the theory they learn there is not used in everyday problems. However, it is important to remember that psychology applies also to the theory. Some researchers deal exclusively with studying and building the overall knowledge of the human mind and behavior, whereas others are solving problems and implementing solutions in the real world.
Psychology studies the normal and abnormal behaviors. Conventional wisdom is that psychology is primarily concerned with the problems and problematic behavior. But psychology is also dealing with normal, everyday issues. The goal of psychology is to explain, investigate, predict, modify and improve behavior.
Psychology aims to:
-Describe human behavior
-Explain why these behaviors occur
-Predict how, why and when will a certain behavior repeat in the future
-Change and improve behavior to improve the lives of individuals and society as a whole.