Definition of Emotional Intelligence in Psychology

Emotional intelligence in studies of psychologyIn most modern societies, as well as in many  psychology studies   value of the individual is often “measured” with his IQ. If we consider the relationship between intelligence quotient and acquired qualifications, workplace, etc., sooner or later we will realize that there is huge disproportion between the so-called “academic” or “rational” individual intelligence and its realization through concrete life situations.

How and why is it possible that individuals often with very high intelligence quotient fail to achieve their goals in life? This question is often imposed in various researches of psychologists as well as it’s often mentioned and analyzed at colleges with psychology degree classes. But, exactly at these individuals is observed that they have problems in communication with other people, do not empathize with others, are  intolerant, sarcastic, etc. Therefore, to understand the individual and his (lack of) success is necessary to introduce another criterion called “Emotional Intelligence” which is often neglected, but has a huge role in the life of every individual.

Emotion implies any excitement or disturbance of mind, feeling, passion, and any severe or excited mental state . In psychology it is defined as “a set of emotional skills that allow us to choose the correct way to use feelings, and unconscious, instinctive mechanisms to interact with other people, as well as understanding and improving yourself”. Psychology students will learn that emotional intelligence is based on the awareness of own feelings at the moment they occurred. This is the fundamental emotional ability out of which other abilities emerge, as for example emotional self-control.

Recognition of emotions is the ability of an individual to recognize own or someone else’s feelings. As a basic component of emotional intelligence, it is one of the factors by which we can measure the emotional abilities of a person (for example, subjects are required by expressions of faces of people on the screen, to draw conclusions about the mood or emotions). Generally speaking, there are two kinds of emotions: conscious and unconscious. At a time when emotions will enter on the conscious level, the person can re-evaluate the situation that caused the emotion. Based on the obtained conclusions may decide to change posture and mood. This is a basic prerequisite for the ability to reject negative emotional states: depression, fear, anxiety and so on.

When we talk about the origin of emotions, it is impossible to avoid the medical aspect, which is  necessary in proper explanation of the concept of emotions and their origin, as well as the relationship with consciousness and decision making.