Learn about contemporary psychology and major branches
Contemporary or Modern psychology is natural and social science that deals with the study of human behavior and mental processes. Mental processes include sensations, perceptions, feelings, thinking, learning, memory and motivation. It is divided into a number of different disciplines and sectors.
Some of the major branches of psychology are:
The overall behavior of the individual and his mental processes are organic based. They depend on the processes that occur in our bodies, in the nerve structures, brain, and glands with internal secretion.
This branch of psychology seeks to explore the organic basis of behavior and mental processes.
It is trying to find answers to many questions as the impacts of drugs and hormones on the brain, memory, mood and behavior.
Differential psychology and psychometrics
People differ in their physical and psycho-physiological characteristics. There are differences in intelligence, the audio sensitivity, etc.).
Differential psychology is investigating these differences among individuals.
This branch of psychology tries to answer questions related to personality features and abilities, their relationships, how they are acquired in general and how they affect the individual’s behavior in different situations.
Psychometrics is directly connected with differential psychology and it explores and evaluates methods for measuring mental processes and characteristics (i.e. psychological tests). Psychometrics develops very complex mathematical procedures and statistical analysis.
This branch of psychology seeks to identify general patterns and principles of behavior and mental life. It deals with studies of cognition that relate to the average person.
The main research method of this branch of psychology is experiment, and is therefore it is also named general experimental psychology.
In psychological laboratories through different stimuli (audio, visual, etc.) reactions register on the examinees and create a general understanding of the processes of perception and response.
Studies of animal behavior may contribute to the understanding of human behavior. This branch of psychology researches the behavior of parallel and psychological development of various animal species.
Charles Darwin argued that there was no difference in mental processes between humans and animals. The comparative psychology is based on this belief, which is also called zoopsychology.
This branch of psychology examines behavior of individuals in the group and their interaction with others.
It studies the interpersonal conflicts, how people form and change attitudes, and different forms of social influence.
Applied psychology is a cumulative term for several forms of applied psychology in practice.
Many psychologists specialize in practical action in a certain area. This is how different branches of applied psychology arise.
Branches of the applied psychology are:
Educational Psychology and Pedagogy
This branch of applied psychology explores the learning processes and factors affecting it. The evidence obtained are used in the education and upbringing.
In order to help students, especially those who teach less, school psychologists test and interview students, talk with parents and teachers, deal with the problems of assessment, the social climate in the classroom, professional counseling of students and teaching methods.
Industrial and organizational psychology
This branch of applied psychology deals with the aspects of facilitating work and improving productivity. It is engaged in the selection of occupation, qualification of workers, investigating accidents, fatigue, and fluctuations. It analyzes the organization of work and proposes procedures to increase work motivation.
We have to mention the engineering psychology that helps customize the machines on capabilities and limitations of an average individual.
This is the last branch of applied psychology, and it deals with the adjustment of the individual. It includes diagnosing and removing part of psychiatric disorders in behavior and emotional problems, marital conflicts, delinquency and criminal behavior and drug counseling.
This branch of psychology deals with the study of human behavior and mental life of man and from birth (and before birth) until old age.
Some of the problems that developmental psychology examines are the processes of growth and development, intellectual abilities through different age, hormonal changes in adolescence, do our ability decrease due to aging, and emotional development of the individual.
There are a lot more branches of the Psychology Science, and we will deal with them more in our next blogs.