The general aim of psychological practice is to improve the quality of life of individuals, groups and human community.
Psychological activity is included in all areas of human life, and especially in those related to the operation and organization of work, employment and career guidance, communication and market, education, research, health, sports, social welfare, transport, justice, army and police.
Psychology as a profession can be provided only by psychologists
In order to become psychologist students have to complete three or four years of academic education. During the studies, students are required to take and pass a number of compulsory and elective subjects and courses. Generally speaking, the bachelor program in psychology is designed so that in the initial years of study basic psychology courses are included, and in later years applied psychology disciplines are studied (education, clinical, industrial / organizational psychology etc.).
The objectives of the course are to familiarize students with the fundamental characteristics of psychology as a natural and social science discipline, with emphasis on the review and information, rather than the presentation of areas “in depth”. The purpose of the course is to inform students about the psychology as a profession, and give them a general overview of the area and some basic knowledge in psychology.
Upon graduating a Psychology college degree program , the students gain analytical and social skills that will further enable them to implement in future professions, in which they will be qualified to:
- apply knowledge of the methodology of scientific research in solving most of the problems posed;
- use essential skills in working with computers;
- critically interpret scientific and technical literature;
- apply statistical reasoning in preparing and conducting empirical research and practical work;
- understand the underlying knowledge in psychology as fundamental and applied science;
- apply the skills of independent learning;
- independently plan and organize work assignments to various fields such as public administration, economics, journalism, social welfare, etc.
Many universities offer two different types of bachelor’s degree: the Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) and the Bachelor of Science (B.S.).
The difference between the two degrees is generally that the B.A. demands more liberal arts courses including languages and humanities, while the B.S. requires more science coursework such as biology, zoology anatomy and physiology. Students need to decide which one is best suited to their needs, interests and goals, for their future careers in psychology. With completion of the studies students acquire the title Bachelor of Arts in Psychology or Bachelor of Science in Psychology.
If students decide to pursue studies at the graduate level, they can follow study programs in the various fields of psychology, or at universities teaching other social sciences (sociology, anthropology, pedagogy, philosophy, information science, social work, education and rehabilitative sciences, pre-school, primary school teaching, economics, journalism, etc.).