At the beginning of this century, John Watson had immense impact on academic psychology, and now in the last two decades Skinner had a significant role as a passionate behaviorist. He approached to most complex behavior problems with objective methods and rigorous experiments. He applies his concepts and methods on learning how to solve practical and theoretical issues. For this reason, his influence became so great on psychology and the related sciences.
His review of the S – R theory, in analysis of behavior where he uses the concepts stimulus and response, does not accept that identification. For this reason in particular we pay attention to his views. He rejects the approach of Hail’s theorizing over postulates and theorems, but is committed to study individual subjects or group in place of general regularities. An important and unique feature of his point of view is the study of behaviors that does not cause any stimulation, but were influenced by its outcome. Continue reading
What you’ll learn in psychology classes
Psychology is a collection of academic, clinical and industrial disciplines devoted to studying, explaining and predicting behavior, thoughts, feelings (emotions), motivation, human relationships and their potential. Also, it is, according to other authors, one of the disciplines of philosophy, from which it emerged in the second half of the 19th century.
We can find a multitude of related disciplines under the single name of psychology. These are:
- Psychometrics – dealing with various forms of measuring psychological traits, characteristics of individuals and groups, using various psychological techniques (tests)
- Clinical psychology – studies (and seeking a cure for) the pathological behavior
- Forensic Psychology
- Experimental psychology – studies human reactions deliberately induced stimuli, whether physical, or social.
- Social psychology – studies people and their behavior in interdependence with their (human) environment, all forms of interpersonal relationships, and behavior of the group as a whole. Continue reading
Prejudice is making pre-judgment or forming an opinion about some matter which is not thoroughly or critically studied. This is usually expanded and solid stereotypical attitude which is based on unproven allegations and false authorities towards other religion members, ethnic groups, nations, etc., but also on different customs and habits. This type of forming an opinion is exact opposite of post-reasoning. Prejudice, as an object of study at psychology colleges, is defined as an attitude that makes one person prone to think, feel, perceive and act in ways favorable or unfavorable to any group or individual members of the group.
Object of prejudice were, and still are, religion, race, ethnic minorities, gender, mental and physical disabilities, etc. There are many press reports about widely spread cases of persons or groups being abused by other person or group of people. The history of mankind is full of horrific and terrifying events of mass slaughter that occurred as a result of prejudice, and what depresses most is probably the fact that prejudice is an unchanging trait of our civilized society and is likely to remain so. Continue reading
Representatives of humanistic discipline in psychology studies recently presented new and probably more acceptable explanation of man and his behavior, especially in the field of personality. This is introduced to students who learn psychology in a way that human behavior is not lead by instincts, nor is the human being reactive in the sense that its reaction can be programmed with external stimuli from the environment. In addition students taking online Psychology classes will also learn that the man possesses specific characteristics of which most important is self-actualization, where social environment has an important role, in a way that creates conditions that allow undisturbed development and actualization of each individual.
Psychology students are introduced to the humanistic conception of man where he is idealized and perfect. This particular conception is exposed to criticism because many claims are not scientifically confirmed, however social systems that alienate man in his human manifestation are also imperfect. From this perception follows that the man, according to his wish and will, his ideas and ideals can build social systems that will enable him better development. Continue reading
In most modern societies, as well as in many psychology studies value of the individual is often “measured” with his IQ. If we consider the relationship between intelligence quotient and acquired qualifications, workplace, etc., sooner or later we will realize that there is huge disproportion between the so-called “academic” or “rational” individual intelligence and its realization through concrete life situations.
How and why is it possible that individuals often with very high intelligence quotient fail to achieve their goals in life? This question is often imposed in various researches of psychologists as well as it’s often mentioned and analyzed at colleges with psychology degree classes. But, exactly at these individuals is observed that they have problems in communication with other people, do not empathize with others, are intolerant, sarcastic, etc. Therefore, to understand the individual and his (lack of) success is necessary to introduce another criterion called “Emotional Intelligence” which is often neglected, but has a huge role in the life of every individual. Continue reading
While studying psychology, you will learn that intelligence has caused significant interest to most psychologists. There is no universal definition of intelligence; there is much debate about what is actually meant by this term. Is intelligence a general ability or is it several independent systems? Is it a characteristic of the brain, behavior, or is it both? Intelligence is primarily a term in Psychology that generally refers to mental abilities, problem solving skills, abstract thoughts, etc. This capability is expressed in many aspects of the human life. Intelligence is comprised of various mental processes which include: memory, learning, perception, decision making, thinking and understanding.
According to the early researches of the American psychologist L.L. Thurston, intellectual ability can be reduced to 7 factors, which he called primary mental abilities. All of them were of great importance in solving complex intellectual tasks. Every factor is indicated by a single letter of the alphabet:
Developmental psychology is one of the most taught subjects while learning psychology online or on campus. It studies human’s psychological changes from conception to death and is divided into four components:
- - Pediatric Psychology
- - Psychology of adolescence
- - Psychology of adulthood and
- - Gerontopsychology
School childhood development is very complex, comprehensive and unique process, which can be divided into three broad aspects:
- - Physical development
- - Cognitive development and
- - Psychosocial development
If you decide to study psychology here are a few things you need to know.
Psychology deals with studying of the mental processes and human behavior. Psychology studies originate from biology and philosophy, and are closely related to other disciplines, including sociology, medicine, linguistics and anthropology. Psychology students will learn how to use many techniques while studying the human behavior, such as experiments and surveys, questionnaires and observation.
Psychology has several perspectives:
There are different ways to approach the objects of study in psychology. For example, the violence can be seen as a consequence of the culture of community, family and social influences, or can be interpreted as a consequence of biological effects. Major perspectives in psychology are:
- Biological perspectives
- Cognitive perspective
- Behavioral perspective
- Evolutionary perspective
- Humanistic perspective
At the beginning of the study the basic details of important areas are learned, while in further education students can choose a specific area as a major in psychology. Some of the most important areas of psychology are clinical psychology, personality psychology, cognitive psychology, development psychology, and social psychology.
Future psychology students Continue reading
Psychology is a science that attempts to answer the questions: how we think, feel and act.
Using systematic researches, psychology tries to gain knowledge about the causes of human behavior and about how people perceive the world in which they live. Among the psychological processes we include thoughts, feelings (emotions), and motivation. Historically, psychology was a discipline of philosophy, from which it separated in 1879 with the establishment of the first psychological laboratory in Leipzig.
In addition to dealing with different areas of psychology, psychologists may belong to different theoretical directions or schools of psychology.
The “schools” are different set of beliefs about the subject and the method of the studies of psychology.
The main directions of theoretical psychology are Continue reading
Learn about contemporary psychology and major branches
Contemporary or Modern psychology is natural and social science that deals with the study of human behavior and mental processes. Mental processes include sensations, perceptions, feelings, thinking, learning, memory and motivation. It is divided into a number of different disciplines and sectors.
Some of the major branches of psychology are:
The overall behavior of the individual and his mental processes are organic based. They depend on the processes that occur in our bodies, in the nerve structures, brain, and glands with internal secretion.
This branch of psychology seeks to explore the organic basis of behavior and mental processes.
It is trying to find answers to many questions as the impacts of drugs and hormones on the brain, memory, mood and behavior. Continue reading